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  1. JDK
  2. JDK-8022718

Runtime accessibility checking: protected class, if extended, should be accessible from another package



    • b100
    • 8
    • b53



        JSR 335 spec, chapter "15.28.2 Run-time Evaluation of Method References" contains following assertion:

        If the method reference has the form ExpressionName :: NonWildTypeArgumentsopt Identifier or Primary :: NonWildTypeArgumentsopt Identifier, the body of the invocation method has the effect of invoking the compile-time declaration of the method reference, as described in,,[jsr335-15.28.2-41]

        This assertions refers to chapter " Check Accessibility of Type and Method" which contains following assertions:

        Let C be the class containing the method invocation, and let T be the qualifying type of the method invocation (§13.1), and let m be the name of the method as determined at compile-time (§15.12.3).
        If T is in a different package than C, and T is protected, then T is accessible if and only if C is a subclass of T.

        According to these assertions MethodInvoker.invoke should succeed, provided, the class files resulted form following sources compilation are supplied at run-time:

        import anotherpkg.MethodSupplierOuter;
        import anotherpkg.MethodSupplierFactory;

        public class MethodInvoker extends MethodSupplierOuter.MethodSupplier {
            public static void invoke() throws Exception {
                MethodInvoker ms = (MethodInvoker)MethodSupplierFactory.create();
                MyFunctionalInterface fi = ms::m;

        package anotherpkg;

        public class MethodSupplierOuter {
            protected static class MethodSupplier {
                public void m() {

        package anotherpkg;

        public class MethodSupplierFactory {
            public static Object create() throws Exception {
                return Class.forName("MethodInvoker").newInstance();

        but exception is thrown instead resulting in following output:

        Exception in thread "main" java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
        at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
        at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
        at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:491)
        at Test.main(Test.java:7)
        Caused by: java.lang.IncompatibleClassChangeError
        at java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleNatives.linkMethodHandleConstant(MethodHandleNatives.java:383)
        at MethodInvoker.invoke(MethodInvoker.java:7)
        ... 5 more
        Caused by: java.lang.IllegalAccessException: symbolic reference class is not public: class anotherpkg.MethodSupplierOuter$MethodSupplier, from MethodInvoker
        at java.lang.invoke.MemberName.makeAccessException(MemberName.java:744)
        at java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles$Lookup.checkSymbolicClass(MethodHandles.java:1026)
        at java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles$Lookup.resolveOrFail(MethodHandles.java:1017)
        at java.lang.invoke.MethodHandles$Lookup.linkMethodHandleConstant(MethodHandles.java:1284)
        at java.lang.invoke.MethodHandleNatives.linkMethodHandleConstant(MethodHandleNatives.java:381)
        ... 6 more

        This was reproduced on b100, platform: Windows7x64.

        The minimized test is attached.
        The steps to reproduce the error are below, they should be performed in exactly specified order:

        1) compile Test.java from archive;
        2) compile sources from "anotherpkg" package from archive;
        3) compile MethodInvoker.java from archive;
        4) compile bad/MethodSupplier.java from archive;
        5) run Test.main.


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                drchase David Chase (Inactive)
                grakov Georgiy Rakov (Inactive)
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