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  1. JDK
  2. JDK-8087516

[JavaFX] Conditional support for GTK 3 on Linux



    • Enhancement
    • Status: Resolved
    • P2
    • Resolution: Fixed
    • 8, 9
    • 9
    • javafx


      Currently JFX uses Gtk 2.0 for Glass/GTK.

      Gtk 3.0 has been around for a while (since ~2011), so we should consider migrating to it.
      Gtk 4.0 is not scheduled for shipment until late 2015 so should not be considered.

      AWT and Swing use Gtk 2.0 and are not likely to be updated in JDK9 time frame.

      Currently it is possible to encounter difficulties with the GTK version when using other
      technologies with JFX that depend on GTK3 - like SWT (JDK-8089584).

      Over the life of JDK9, it may become likely that GTK2 is no longer installed by default.
      (Ubuntu 14, 15, OEL 7 seem to install GTK2 and GTK3 runtime by default)

      There are a limited number of ways to launch a JFX app:

      * FXCanvas - Used to support interop with SWT, fails on newer systems where SWT uses GTK3.0

      * JFXPanel - Swing Interop, requires GTK2

      * Application subclass - The "normal" way to use JFX

      * Platform.startup - A JDK9 added API to initiate the JFX toolkit.

      * Application, then JFXPanel - JFX is started prior to JFXPanel being used. Requires GTK2.

         Gtk 3.0 is the currently supported code stream
         Swt 4.4 uses Gtk 3.0 by default (can fall back to Gtk 2.0 though, with ENV setting )
         Swt 3.x uses Gtk 2.0 by default and linking JFX with Gtk 3.0 would cause issues.
         Unknown amount of porting effort
         Coverage testing of the port.

      There is a GTK migration guide at:

      Proposed solution for this bug:

      Create and use a dynamic wrapper using dlopen/dlsym. This mechanism
      is a common pattern used in JFX for other purposes, and so is well
      understood. In short, a dynamic GTK function table will be used
      to access the basic functionality of GTK. At startup time, dlopen/dlsym
      will be used to populate the function table. JFX code in Glass/GTK
      will be modified to call through the function table. As needed
      "shim" functions will be created as needed to isolate and handle
      API changes.

      A system property will be created that will contain the desired
      order for GTK discovery. It will be possible for a user to specify
      the property to force GTK2 or GTK3 usage.

      Documentation will need to be added for this property.

      In some cases we will be able to set the default order to hide what
      is happening, and just work. For example in the case of JFXPanel -
      we can set the system property to indicate that only GTK2 may be
      used, and so, if JFXPanel then causes the JFX runtime to be started,
      the correct version will be selected. Note that in the case of
      Application then JFXPanel, the FX runtime will already have been
      started so if for some reason GTK3 has been selected, JFXPanel will
      fail, unless the user specified the property.

      Normally we will default the property to load GTK2, falling forward
      to GTK3, if GTK2 is not present.


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              ddhill David Hill (Inactive)
              ddhill David Hill (Inactive)
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